As we leave the museum we will pass some of the remainders of the Roman wall and fort that was situated in this area. We shall then proceed to the Guildhall, the medieval town hall and the only pre-1666 secular building that survived the fire and the 1940-1 Blitz. This site was also where the Roman amphitheater was situated and we may examine the remains here (ticket required). From here we will take the short walk to the third century AD Roman Mithraeum that was originally situated next to a small river called the Walbrook, which no longer exists We will then proceed to walk through the heart of the city through Eastcheap, once part of the area containing London's medieval market, whose memory only remains in the road names.
From here we will walk to the Monument, a large monolith, now undergoing restoration, that commemorates the believed starting-point for the Great Fire of London in 1666, which destroyed most of the Medieval city. This included many of the ninety-six churches that existed in this part of London, and the job of their restoration was given to Christopher Wren whose masterpieces are still a feature of London today.
We will continue the walk to one which escaped the fire, but not the Blitz, All Hallows-by-the-Tower. The church is the oldest known in the City of London area and contains remains from the Roman, Saxon, medieval and modern periods. It was also the place where Samuel Pepys watched the Great Fire spread across the capital, and where William Penn was christened and where John Quincy Adams was married. From here, depending on your interests and on the time left, we may continue to the Tower of London, where we will see the last vestiges of a Roman walk, or head towards the Lloyd's building and Tower 42, to discuss the development of the city in the last century.