Day 1: Anzio - Nettuno. All day dedicated at the site of landing included X-Ray beach and Charly beach, the museum of Landing, the city of Anzio and Nettuno, the American monumental cemetery and the English cemetery. We will see also the original documentary of the landing made on January 22, 1944. In the early morning hours of January 22, 1944, VI Corps of Lt. Gen. Mark W. Clark's Fifth Army landed on the Italian coast below Rome and established a beachhead far behind the enemy lines. In the four months between this landing and Fifth Army's May offensive, the short stretch of coast known as the Anzio beachhead was the scene of one of the most courageous and bloody dramas of the war.
The Germans threw attack after attack against the beachhead in an effort to drive the landing force into the sea. Fifth Army troops, put fully on the defensive for the first time, rose to the test. Hemmed in by numerically superior enemy forces, they held their beachhead, fought off every enemy attack, and then built up a powerful striking force which spearheaded Fifth Army's triumphant entry into Rome in June.
Day 2: Monte Cassino. One day dedicated at the visit of Monte Cassino Abbey head quarters of the first Germans paratrooper division. One of the most important site of Gustav Line. The cemetery where rest the men died in this battle. The Winter Line was a series of German military fortifications in Italy, constructed during World War II by Organization Todt. The main line of fortification, called the Gustav Line, ran across Italy from just north of where the Garigliano River flows into the Tyrrhenian Sea in the west, through the Apennine Mountains to the mouth of the Sangro River on the Adriatic Sea in the east.
The center of the line, where it crossed the main route north to Rome (Highway 6) which followed the Liri valley, was anchored around the mountains behind the town of Cassino including Monte Cassino, which had an old abbey sitting atop it and which dominated the entrance to the Liri valley, and Monte Cairo which gave the defenders clear observation of any potential attackers. The Battle of Monte Cassino was a costly series of four battles during World War II, fought by the Allies with the intention of breaking through the Winter Line and seizing Rome, the abbey of Monte casino was located on the peak of mountain, so it was impossible for the alliance troops to reach the site without completely destroying the abbey by bombing.
Day 3: Rome. This day is dedicated at the sites where the Italian partisans fight to prepare the enter of the alliance troops in Rome.
We will visit the SS head quarters in via Tasso with the museum and the prison where many people considered enemy of Germans were tortured and killed by SS troops. Via Rasella where on March 23, 1944 the Italian partisans killed 32 soldiers of the SS Corps and after that, the General Kappler ordered the execution of 320 Italian citizens in the Fosse Ardeatine site. The site where the Italians had one of the most bloody massacre of the World War II, where on march 24, 1944 a SS Firing Squad killed 320 Italian citizens, 10 citizens for every one SS soldier killed during the attack of via Rasella.
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