In the morning, you will be picked up in an air-conditioned vehicle from your hotel in Cairo. Accompanied by an English-speaking guide, you will be taken to the ancient capital city of Memphis located about 24 kilometers south of Cairo. Though little remains of this pharaoh city, the open air museum here is worth a visit. See the huge fallen image of Ramesses II at the museum. Founded around 3,100 BC, Memphis is the legendary city of Menes, the king who united Upper and Lower Egypt.
After exploring the historical city of Memphis, continue to Saqqara, the most ancient burial ground in Egypt. It is situated on a desert plateau crowned by Zoser step pyramid and its funerary complex including temples and tombs. It is the most ancient stone building in the world. Take a trip to the pyramid of Unas, the Serapeum and Mastabas, also known as the tombs of Nobles. The most famous of which is the tomb of Ptah Hotep, the tomb of Kagemni and the tomb of Mereruka. Further on, proceed to the pyramids of Giza that lies on the west bank of the Nile facing Cairo. On top of Giza plateau rise the three pyramids erected by Cheops, Chepren and Mycerinus, guarded by the mysterious Sphinx which is a mythical statue with the body of a lion and a human head.
Five thousand years ago, Giza became the royal burial place for Memphis, the Pharaoh’s capital city. Giza’a three pyramids and the Sphinx were constructed in the 4th dynasty of Egypt’s Old Kingdom. About 2,500 BC, King Khufu, the second pharaoh of the fourth dynasty, commissioned the building of his tomb at Giza. On an average, over 2 million blocks of stone was used to build Khufu’s pyramid, and the heaviest blocks were used as the ceiling of Khufu’s burial chamber. Khufu’s son was the next in the royal line who commissioned the building of his own pyramid complex which includes the Sphinx. Each pyramid has a mortuary temple and a valley temple linked by long causeways that were rooted and walled. After marveling at the pyramids of Giza, you will be dropped back to your hotel in Cairo.
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