The southern part is known as Dakshinpara, which is 1,929 m long, with a narrow tail of 1,890 m towards the south-east. A narrow central belt or Maddhyapara connects the 2 parts. The length and the width of this belt are about 1,524 m and 518 m respectively and the narrowest collar is known as Golachipa. In addition to the main island there are a number of tiny islets ranging from 100 to 500 sq.m. which are locally known as Chheradia or Siradia, which means separated island. People will miss something great if they miss a shallow lagoon in the middle of Uttarpara and it is connected to the sea during high tide by a narrow channel on the western coast. There are 2 small dead lagoons and a stretch of marshy land in Dakshinpara.
Chhera-Dwip: Chhera-Dwip is a part of St. Martin's Island but divided during tides. One can go to Chhera-Dwip by walking during low tide. About two and a half hour walk from St. Martin's Island or one can go there also by local motorboat or tourist boat. One will find the corals all over the Island. A small bush is there which is the only green part of Chhera-Dwip, enhancing the beauty of this Island. People do not live in this Island, so it is advisable that tourists go there early and come back by afternoon.
It is possible to walk around the Island in a day because it measures only 8 sq. km. shrinking to about 5 sq. km. during high tide. Overnight stay in St. Martin's Island is really a great experience, feeling and listening to the sounds of the sea. If you are lucky enough, you can have a moonlit night on St. Martin's. The beauty of the full moon on St. Martin's Island cannot be described in words; you have to be there feel it and enjoy it. The population is about 3,700 and most of them are fishermen belonging to some 535 families.
Several living small coral colonies are found in small sheLtered pools very near the low tide level around the island. They also occur in the surrounding shallow sea, mostly growing on the beach rocks. The dead coral coloni~s also occur in pool-like depressions within the high and low tide levels. Some of them are located at an eleva'tion of several meters above the low tide level. Interestingly, researchers have detected that the oldest fossil coral on the island is 33,238 years old.
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