White bull is the old name of the Southeastern region of the included Anatolia peninsula between the Pamphilia to the west, the chain of the Taurus mounts to the north, the Antitaurus to the east and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. Eastern half of White bull is an extensive fertile plain, whereas the western one is wild and very rough orographically. The coastal plain has taken terrain to the sea due to the alluvial sedimentation of several rivers (old the Calicadnos, Cydnos, Sarus and Pyramos) that, coming from the Taurus, impressive tubes, cleaved throats and foces between vertiginous precipices are opened to passage by the mountain ranges digging. The highest mounts are the Bolkar Daglari (Medetsiz 3,586 ms) and (Aydos 3,510 ms).
In the coast own cultures of the benign Mediterranean climate grow: naranjos, lemon trees, bananas, vegetables, and mainly cotton. The main populations are Adana (the fourth city of Turkey in population), Ceyhan, Mersin and Tarsus (the old capital of Cilicia). They have found in White bull vestiges of slumses that go back to VII BC the millenium . Pasillo of transit forced between Anatolia and the countries of Near East, the only route between the peninsula and Mezapotamia crossed White bull One crosses some tracks of the Route of Silk of the famous Doors Very rich White bull of territory formation .Exploring the traditions and the life of the nomads ones of turcomanos.
The fantastic landscapes of the region of Turkey that formerly was called Cappadocia are the result of a orogenic whim, in which it has taken divides the powerful action of volcanos, rain and the time. The volcanic sediments that conform the crust of the ground of Cappadocia have undergone during eras the ferocious erosion of the climatic elements of the plateau anatolia, little by little creating an unreal scenery populated with formation stony improbable, own of the world of the dreams that of the real one. As well, the men have taken part to torment still more these landscapes, drilling their entrails to carve churches and monasteries, pestering the rock walls and grounds to construct to labyrinth underground cities. The rock architecture reaches in the Cappadocia its apotheosis.
Old capital of three successive empires - Roman, Byzantin, Ottoman, Istanbul is the economic center of the Republic of Turkey. A continuous parade of oil tankers and merchant boats crosses to newspaper waters of the Bosphorus. It is in fact, the variety of Istanbul which fascinates its visitors: the museums, churches, palaces, great mosques, bazaars and the views of natural beauty seem inexhaustible.
Day 1: Via Istanbul Kayseri (ASR). Arrive to Istanbul, then flight to Kayseri. Overnight in Cappadocia.
Day 2: Urgup/ Mountain of Bolkar / Mountain Range of Taurus/ Kapuzbasi: Arrive to Delimahmutlar, via Eregli. Visit the rock-cut relief of hitites at Ivriz. (XII-IX BC) and Encampment at Kapuzbasi (1800m).
Day 3: Mountain of Bolkar/ Kapuzbasi. After breakfast, leave Kapuzbasi , Trek inside the canyon between the peak Buyuk Aydos (3510m) and Kucuk Aydos (3450m). Daily trek 5-6h. Encampment near Kapuzbasi. (1800m).
Day 4: Mountain of Bolkar/ Tersakan. Visit the nomad canyon. Possible to swim in small waterfalls. Excursion by passing Kizilbuzluk canyon and arrive to Tersakan plateau. It is situated near a river (2850m). Encampment near Tersakan. Trek 7-8h.
Day 5: Mountain of Bolkar/ Tersakan. Day for hiking. By the passing Tersakan , arrive to summit of Kucuk Aydos (3450m) and return to camping place. ( Daily trek 5-6h. - 2850m).
Day 6: Mountain of Bolkar/ Alagol. Pass through the Yazigol plateau, here is the main route of mediterrenean nomads. Continue through the south to reach the summit of Alagol (3150m). Continue from the north part of peak, come to Alagol (2800m). Daily trek 6h Possible to swim into the lake. Camping near lake.
Day 7: Mountain of Bolkar/ Karagol. Climb the peak of Geyik Tepesi (3297m), here dominate the scenery of mounatain range Taurus. Here is the most beautiful place of Anatolia. Descend through the Cinigol (2550m). It is dark blue color crater lake. We pass through the ancient route of caravans limited by valleys. We see the most beautiful scene of trekking while we are descending. Daily trek 4-5h. Encampment near Karagol (2450m).
Day 8: Mpuntain of Bolkar/ Mt Medetsiz - Karagol. Climb to mountain of Medetsiz .It is the one of highest mountain of Bolkar Daglari (Medetsiz 3.586 m) that dominate all mountain range of Taurus (Catena del Taurus). Wonderful scenery. Descend from east and then arrive Karagol (2450m). Daily trek 7-8h. Encampment near Karagol (2450m).
Day 9: Mountain of Bolkar/ Maden. Arrive to square of Maydan. Here was the old bazaar of merchants of silk route. Arrive to village of Maden (3-4h.). During the descent you can see different trees, pine forest. The village is inside the forest that has the characteristic of Mediterrenean. (1400m), Nomads live in this villages. Possible to contact with villagers and buy some tea and eat fish . Camping near Balik Cifligi . (Daily trek 4 -5 h., 1300m.)
Day 10: Mountain Range Taurus - Alihoca - Cappadocia Ihlara. After breakfast, leave the fish farm. After transportation ( 2-3-h.) . Arrive to nomad village of Ihlara. Lunch in a local restaurant (not included). Canyon constituted by breaks and collapses come out with getting cold of lavas that contains dense basalt and andesite substances and run over from Hasandag mountain. On that split area an Melendiz brook find way to flow and give today's shape to canyon, that brook was named in early ages 'Potamus Kapadukus" which means river of Capadocia. Valley lies 14 kilometre long. starts from Ihlara, come to an end at Selime. Valley's hight reach to 100 - 150 meters at some places. Across the valley there are innumerable shelters, tombs and churches that all engraved into rocks present. Some of the shelters and church's are related each other with tunnels that similar to underground cities. Overnight in Ihlaral ( daily excursion 4-5h).
Day 11: Ihlara - Cappadocia / Soganli. After breakfast, to march for the Soganli town, the churches of VI-X century pigeon houses and Some of the refuges and the church is related one to the other to tunnels that similar to underground cities of Ozluce (Zeylia) like refuge to save of the persecutions. Possible to see daily life of the typical town of Anatolia in Soganli. Overnight in Hotel HB ( daily excursions 2-3h).
Day 12: Cappadocia/ Golgoli Dagi (Golgoli Mountain). After breakfast go to Golgoli ( altitute 1500m). visit to historical ruins of mount Golgoli. It is posible o see observation house . It was built 500 years ago. Here dominate the cappadocia panaroma. From here go through the Aravan canyon by seeing trees . 3 hours trekking. Break for lunch ( not included) overnight in Hotel, HB (with breakfast and dinner). Daily excursion 5-6h.
Day 13: Cappadocia/ Kizil Vadi (Red Valley). After breakfast, drive to imagination valley (Devrent), where the stone eroded by the wind forms denominated tips, cones and obeliscos fairy chimneys. The valley of the monks (Pasabagi). The Kizilvadi valley (Red) is amazingly beautiful, specially during the daytime. Then is the Uzumlu Church of century IX. (daily excursion 4-5h.). Overnight in hotel.HB (with breakfast and dinner).
Day 14: Cappadocia/ Valley of Gomeda - Uzengi - Pancarlik. After breakfast, start from Mustafapasa trek in valley of Gomeda, visit to some churches . excursion in Gomeda. Continue by the valley of Uzengi, pigeon houses and mineral water. Visit to Pancarlik valley and monasteries and churches. Picnic barbeque (not included) ( Daily excursion 5-6 h.). Overnight in hotel. HB (with breakfast and dinner).
Day 15: Cappadocia/ Istanbul. After breakfast, Drive to Kayseri airport (ASR) to flight for Istanbul. Overnight in Istanbul. (with breakfast).
Day 16: Istanbul. Free day.
Day 17: Istanbul. Free day.
Day 18: Istanbul: Transfer to airport.
Also see tour packages in:
Middle East Turkey Outdoor: Land Rambler Hiking & Trekking