It is Mesopotamia between the rivers Tigris and the Euphrates, the coffer of Noah in Ararat, the Trojan horse in the borders of the Aegean Sea, the civilization of the hittites in the heart of the Halys river, the temple of Artemis or the mausoleum of Halicarnasus that are two wonders of the world. King Midas turned everything into gold,Alexander the Great and Saint Paul are the most famous tourists and virgin Mary completed her trip in Ephesus. Hagia Sophía, Byzantine, the eternal residence of sultans Ottoman; it is the Topkapi palace. The gardens of Tulip, the Turkish bath, the turquesas water beaches, the fairy chimneys of Cappadocia, the Bosphorus and Istanbul, the modern country of the Ataturk. Anatolia; it is the cradle of the civilizations and bridge between Asia and Europe
The city constitutes one of the greater capitals of the hellenistic world: the three walls that followed the direction of the land assured the necessary defense, whereas in the interior the different buildings, to a large extent bound to the new hellenistic taste, conferred a modern and functional aspect to it. The political history of Pergamum is enough singular: after the city-planning and cultural splendor, in the 133 BC., the sovereign Attalus III it left in east inheritance kingdom to the Roman power with a surprising gesture for many reasons.
One of the main points from any trip to Turkey is a visit to Efes (Ephesus), in its time the richest commercial center of the old world. The city, whose wealth and patronage were the support of its splendid architectonic program, was dedicated to the Artemis goddess. The last form of its enormous temple, several times reconstructed, dates from century III BC. and is considered like one of the Seven Wonders of the Old World.
At the archaic time, Miletus, then very flourishing thanks to its commerce, fell under the dominion of the Lydians; its autonomy diminished when in the 546 BC happened to the Persian dominion. At the sanctuary of Apollo of Didyma it was arrived after a route of 20 km, that started of the Sagrada door. In its interior word of the God had its seat important that pronounced through an underground source.
The House of Virgin Mary.
One knows that Jesus Christ, before dying crucifixion, trusted to Saint John (Evangelist) that took care of your mother and who Saint John spent the last days of your life and wrote its Gospel in Ephesus. Therefore one thinks that the Virgin Mary also lived in the region of Ephesus until her last days. During the excavations made at the end of century XIX. Near a source sagrada in the mount of Pion, where the Christians of the region used to celebrate every year the celebration of the Virgin, some rest of the foundations of a house, as well as some pieces of coal of their home were discovered, and the scientific analyses carried out with the called method `'carbon 14' ' revealed that those tracks dated from century I AD, indication that supported the allegations on which the Virgin Mary had lived in this place. Nowadays we found a small church in the same place, that is visited by the Christians as peregrination sanctuary and is venerated by the Muslims like sacred place.
Aphrodisias is one of the more beautiful places and interesting of given Anatolia the abundance of its ruins was one of the most important cities of the old region of Causes to decay that its time lived on gold under the Roman sovereignty. In this region, where the first establishment goes back to III the Millenium to of BC.( bronze age) the cult to the goddess of the Aphrodite love exceeded to the cult of Zeus, under the influence of the cult to the goddess mother in Anatolia, as it happened with the Artemis goddess in Ephesus.
As far as the natural zone of Pamukkale, one is a surrealistic miracle, something only throughout the world a spectacle of an incredible beauty. This natural formation is the work of limestone thermal source, created by the lime accumulation due to the evaporation of the carbon dioxide gas. The lime layers took indefinable forms creating a visual miracle where natural swimming pools at different levels formed. It is possible to be walked barefoot in thermal waters that continuously wash the terraces.
The old city of `'Iconium ' (the city of icons) Konya, having been the capital of the Seljuk Empire , is full of the numerous most interesting examples of the early time of the Turk-Islamic architecture. The more important historical zone of Konya is without a doubt the Museum of Mevlana this small museum located exactly next to the sumptuous constructed mosque in century XVI by order of sultán Selim II by great Ottoman architect Sinan, was the convent of Mevlana, the great Turkish and founding mystic of the famous convent of `' whirling dervishes'. At the moment it is one of the most interesting places of Konya, visited every year by more of a million tourists.
Sultanhan Caravasary, a huge functional monument It is , near Aksaray, was constructed in 1229. The best one conserved of the great seljuk slugs is. Its walled enclosure is ranging of round or octogonales towers of defense. In first plane, the room of winter, with a ship in which cimborrio is raised crowned by a piramidal cover. To the right of the image, the salient part of the patio.
Day 1: via Istanbul / ASR (Kayseri). Flight to Kayseri transfer to hotel. Overnight in Cappadocia.
Day 2: Cappadocia. Visit to Dervent valley (Imagination valley), visit the fairy chimneys in Pasabaglari (Monks valley). visit to pottery factory in Avanos and masters show us the kick wheel system.visit to Uchisar fortress and rock cut churches in Goreme, underground city. Return to hotel. Overnight in Cappadocia.
Day 3: Cappadocia - Konya - Pamukkale. Departure to visit Sultanhani Caravansarai, on the silk route. Visit to Konya, whirhling dervishes home place. Drive to Pamukkale, overnight in Pamukkale.
Day 4: Pamukkale - Aphrodisias - Ephesus. Visit to fascinating stalactite formation in Pamukkale and visit to ruins of greco-roman Hierapolis, necropolis, thermals, archadia street. Visit to ruins of Aphrodisias ancient city. drive to Selcuk. Overnight in hotel.
Day 5: Ephesus - Izmir - flight to Istanbul. Visit to Ephesus in Selcuk; one of the most important city of antiquity. The capital of asia minor in roman time. Transfer to Izmir airport (ADB) to flight to Istanbul. (please look the services not included) Transfer to hotel.
Day 6: Istanbul: Day at leisure.
Day 7: Istanbul: Day at leisure.
Day 8: Istanbul: Transfer to airport.
Also see tour packages in:
Middle East Turkey History Whiz Archeology/History Cultural Journey