It is Mesopotamia between the rivers Tigris and the Euphrates, the coffer of Noah in Ararat, the Trojan horse in the borders of the Aegean Sea, the civilization of the hittites in the heart of the Halys river, the temple of Artemis or the mausoleum of Halicarnasus that are two wonders of the world. King Midas turned everything into gold,Alexander the Great and Saint Paul are the most famous tourists and virgin Mary completed her trip in Ephesus. Hagia Sophía, Byzantine, the eternal residence of sultans Ottoman; it is the Topkapi palace. The gardens of Tulip, the Turkish bath, the turquesas water beaches, the fairy chimneys of Cappadocia, the Bosphorus and Istanbul, the modern country of the Ataturk. Anatolia it is the cradle of the civilizations and bridge between Asia and Europe.
The city constitutes one of the greater capitals of the hellenistic world: the three walls that followed the direction of the land assured the necessary defense, whereas in the interior the different buildings, to a large extent bound to the new hellenistic taste, conferred a modern and functional aspect to it. The political history of Pergamum is enough singular: after the city-planning and cultural splendor, in the 133 BC, the sovereign Attalus III it left in east inheritance kingdom to the Roman power with a surprising gesture for many reasons.
One of the main points from any trip to Turkey is a visit to Efes (Ephesus), in its time the richest commercial center of the old world. The city, whose wealth and patronage were the support of its splendid architectonic program, was dedicated to the Artemis goddess. The last form of its enormous temple, several times reconstructed, dates from century III BC. and is considered like one of the Seven Wonders of the Old World.
At the archaic time, Miletus, then very flourishing thanks to its commerce, fell under the dominion of the Lydians; its autonomy diminished when in the 546 BC happened to the Persian dominion. At the sanctuary of Apollo of Didyma it was arrived after a route of 20 km, that started of the Sagrada door. In its interior word of the God had its seat important that pronounced through an underground source.
The House Of Virgin Mary
One knows that Jesus Christ, before dying crucifixion, trusted to Saint John (Evangelist) that took care of your mother and who Saint John spent the last days of your life and wrote its Gospel in Ephesus. Therefore one thinks that the Virgin Mary also lived in the region of Ephesus until her last days. During the excavations made at the end of century XIX. Near a source sagrada in the mount of Pion, where the Christians of the region used to celebrate every year the celebration of the Virgin, some rest of the foundations of a house, as well as some pieces of coal of their home were discovered, and the scientific analyses carried out with the called method 'carbon 14' revealed that those tracks dated from century I AD, indication that supported the allegations on which the Virgin Mary had lived in this place. Nowadays we found a small church in the same place, that is visited by the Christians as peregrination sanctuary and is venerated by the Muslims like sacred place.
Aphrodisias is one of the more beautiful places and interesting of given Anatolia the abundance of its ruins was one of the most important cities of the old region of Causes to decay that its time lived on gold under the Roman sovereignty. In this region, where the first establishment goes back to III of the Millenium of BC. Bronze age the cult to the goddess of the Aphrodite love exceeded to the cult of Zeus, under the influence of the cult to the goddess mother in Anatolia, as it happened with the Artemis goddess in Ephesus.
As far as the natural zone of Pamukkale, one is a surrealistic miracle, something only throughout the world a spectacle of an incredible beauty. This natural formation is the work of limestone thermal source, created by the lime accumulation due to the evaporation of the carbon dioxide gas. The lime layers took indefinable forms creating a visual miracle where natural swimming pools at different levels formed. It is possible to be walked barefoot in thermal waters that continuously wash the terraces.
The old city of 'Iconium' (the city of icons) Konya, having been the capital of the Seljuk Empire , is full of the numerous most interesting examples of the early time of the Turk-Islamic architecture. The more important historical zone of Konya is without a doubt the Museum of Mevlana this small museum located exactly next to the sumptuous constructed mosque in century XVI by order of sultán Selim II by great Ottoman architect Sinan, was the convent of Mevlana, the great Turkish and founding mystic of the famous convent of 'whirling dervishes'. At the moment it is one of the most interesting places of Konya, visited every year by more of a million tourists.
A huge functional monument. It is, near Aksaray, was constructed in 1229. The best one conserved of the great seljuk slugs is. Its walled enclosure is ranging of round or octogonales towers of defense. In first plane, the room of winter, with a ship in which cimborrio is raised crowned by a piramidal cover. To the right of the image, the salient part of the patio.
Day 1: Istanbul. Arrival to Istanbul. Overnight in Istanbul.
Day 2: Istanbul. After breakfast, visit Sultan Ahmet square: Hagia Sophia, Blue mosque, Hippodrome, Topkapi Palace. In the afternoon pass from Bosphorus (optional 15-20). Overnight in Istanbul.
Day 3: Istanbul. After breakfast, visit to Dolmabahçe Palace, Galata Tower, pierre loti cafe. Overnight in Istanbul.
Day 4: Istanbul - Izmir – Selcuk. After breakfast, transfer to Istanbul airport to flight Izmir (ADB). Arrive to Selcuk. Overnight in Selcuk.
Day 5: Ephesus – Selcuk. After breakfast, visit to Ephesus and Virgin Mary's house. Overnight in Selcuk.
Day 6: Ephesus – Pamukkale. After breakfast, drive to visit Aphrodisias and Pamukkale (Hiarapolis). Arrive to Pamukkale. Overnight in Pamukkale.
Day 7: Pamukkale – Konya – Cappadocia. After breakfast, drive to visit Konya. Arrive to Cappadocia. Overnight in Cappadocia.
Day 8: Cappadocia – Valley of Gomeda - Uzengi - Pancarlik (trekking). After breakfast, start from Mustafapasa trek in valley of Gomeda, visit to some churches. Excursion in Gomeda. Continue by the valley of Uzengi, arrive to dove-cotes and mineral water. Visit to Pancarlik valley and monasteries and churches break for picnic barbeque (not inluded). Daily excursion last for 5-6 hours. Overnight in hotel.
Day 9: Cappadocia – Soganli. After breakfast, drive to the underground city of Ozluce (Zeylia). Christians used the underground city at IV century as refuge to save of the persecutions. Drive to valley of Soganli for a colorful bond with innumerable chapels, churches, houses and tombs. Possible to see follow the development of the byzantine painting between the VI and XII centuries possible to see dove-cotes and daily life of the typical town of Anatolia. Ecursion lasts for 3-4 hours. Overnight in hotel.
Day 10: Cappadocia - Kizil Vadi (Red Valley) - Cavusin – Goreme. After breakfast, drive to imagination valley (Devrent), where the stone eroded by the wind forms denominated tips, cones and obeliscos fairy chimneys. The valley of the monks (Pasabagi). The Kizilvadi valley (Red) is amazingly beautiful, specially during the daytime. Then is the Uzumlu Church of century IX. Daily excursion lasts for 4-5 hours. Overnight in hotel.
Day 11: Cappadocia. Transfer to Kayseri (ASR) airport. Flight to Istanbul.
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Middle East Turkey History Whiz Archeology/History