It is Mesopotamia between the rivers Tigris and the Euphrates, the coffer of Noah in Ararat, the Trojan horse in the borders of the Aegean Sea, the civilization of the hittites in the heart of the Halys river, the temple of Artemis or the mausoleum of Halicarnasus that are two wonders of the world. King Midas turned everything into gold,Alexander the Great and Saint Paul are the most famous tourists and virgin Mary completed her trip in Ephesus. Hagia Sophía, Byzantine, the eternal residence of sultans Ottoman; it is the Topkapi palace. The gardens of Tulip, the Turkish bath, the turquesas water beaches, the fairy chimneys of Cappadocia, the Bosphorus and Istanbul, the modern country of the Ataturk. Anatolia it is the cradle of the civilizations and bridge between Asia and Europe.
The fantastic landscapes of the region of Turkey that formerly was called Cappadocia are the result of a orogenic whim, in which it has taken divides the powerful action of volcanoes, rain and the time. The volcanic sediments that conform the crust of the ground of Cappadocia have undergone during eras the ferocious erosion of the climatic elements of the plateau Anatolia, little by little creating an unreal scenery populated with formation stony improbable, own of the world of the dreams that of the real one. As well, the men have taken part to torment still more these landscapes, drilling their entrails to carve churches and monasteries, pestering the rock walls and grounds to construct to labyrinth underground cities. The rock architecture reaches in the Cappadocia its apotheosis.
Old capital of three successive empires - Roman, Byzantin, Ottoman, Istanbul is the economic center of the Republic of Turkey. A continuous parade of oil tankers and merchant boats crosses to newspaper waters of the Bosphorus. It is in fact, the variety of Istanbul which fascinates its visitors: the museums, churches, palaces, great mosques, bazaars and the views of natural beauty seem inexhaustible.
Day 1: Istanbul/Kayseri (Cappadocia). Transfer to airport to flight Kayseri (ASR). Transfer to hotel and overnight in Cappadocia.
Day 2: Cappadocia/Mountain of Ayvali-Bahceli (Mimosa)/Ortahisar. After breakfast, go to village of Ayvali, go up to mount Aravan (altitude 1600 m). Possible to see all Cappadocia from here. Visit to Bahceli village, valley of Mimasos and Ortahisar. Overnight in Hotel. Daily cycling 45 km.
Day 3: Cappadocia/Ulas-Cokek-Red River Valley/Sarihan/Avanos. After breakfast go to north side of Cappadocia through the Ulasli village and cokek village. From here go through the Red river valley. Red river valley or Hallys river is the longest river of Turkey (1135 km) go through the valley and visit to Sarihan. It is possible to visit old villages through the valley. Visit to village Sarihan Picnic-barbeque (not include), go through the side of valley and arrive to Avanos. Overnight in Cappadocia. Daily cycling 35-40 km.
Day 4: Cappadocia/Ask Dagi (Love Mountain). After breakfast, drive to climb Love mountain 1700 m. altitude. At the summit of mountain you can see all Cappadocia. Possible to see observation house, built 500 years ago, a ruin of Ottoman and Grek. Then trekking through the Tahtali canyon for 3 hours between the different trees. It is possible to eat fresh fruits from trees like apple, appricot etc. break for lunch (not include). Daily trek last for 5-6 hours. Overnight in Cappadocia.
Day 5: Cappadocia/Gomeda/Uzengi/Pancarlik/Gullu Dere/Cavusin. After breakfast, start from Mustafapasa trek in valley of Gomeda, visit to some churches. excursion in Gomeda. Continue by the valley of Uzengi, pigeon houses and mineral water. Visit to Pancarlik valley and monasteries and churches. Daily cycling 30 km. Overnight in hotel.
Day 6: Cappadocia/Kizil Vadi (Red Valley). After breakfast, march to imagination valley (Devrent), where the stone eroded by the wind forms denominated tips, cones and obeliscos fairy chimneys. The valley of the monks (Pasabagi). The Kizilvadi valley (Red) is amazingly beautiful, specially during the daytime. Then visit the Uzumlu Church of century IX. Daily excursion lasts for 4-5 hours. Overnight in hotel.
Day 7: Cappadocia/Soganli. After breakfast, to march for the Soganli town, the churches of VI-X century pigeon houses and Some of the refuges and the church is related one to the other to tunnels that similar to underground cities of Ozluce (Zeylia) like refuge to save of the persecutions. Possible to see daily life of the typical town of Anatolia in Soganli. Overnight in Hotel. Daily excursions last for 2-3 hours.
Day 8: Cappadocia/Urgup/Ihlara/Urgup. After the breakfast Arrival to the nomadic town Ihlara. Canyon constituted by breaks and collapses come out with getting cold of lavas that contains dense basalt and andesite substances and run over from Hasandag mountain. On that split area an Melendiz brook find way to flow and give today's shape to canyon, that brook was named in early ages 'Potamus Kapadukus" which means river of Capadocia. Valley lies 14 kilometer long. starts from Ihlara, come to an end at Selime. Valley's hight reach to 100-150 meters at some places. Across the valley there are innumerable shelters, tombs and churches that all engraved into rocks present. Some of the shelters and church's are related each other with tunnels that similar to underground cities. drive to Ozluce underground city of Ozluce (Zeylia). Overnight in a Hotel. Daily excursion lasts for 5-6 hours.
Day 9: Cappadocia/Uchisar. After breakfast climb to Uchisar fortress,the highest point of region. From here you can see amazing rock formations. Then trek in Love valley. Daily excursion lasts for 3-4 hours. Overnight in hotel Cappadocia.
Day 10: Cappadocia/Urgup. After breakfast, a visit to the historical town Urgup. Overnight in Cappadocia.
Day 11: Cappadocia/Istanbul. Transfer to Kayseri airport (ASR). Flight to Istanbul.
Days 12-14: Istanbul. Free day.
Day 15: Istanbul. Transfer to airport for the flight to hometown.
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Middle East Turkey Outdoor: Land Rambler Bicycle Touring Cultural Journey
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