Day 1: Chiclayo. Arrival Chiclayo on early morning flight from Lima. Airport reception and transfer to hotel. Tours of the city, Lambayeque-museum, Bruning museum, Sipan. Overnight Gran Hotel Chiclayo. The Lord of Sipan mausoleum was discovered in the Huaca Rajada archaeological compound dating to the times of the Moche civilization that bloomed from 200 to 600 A.D. The remains are the monarch's and his entourage. All were buried in fabulous attire including gold and silver artifacts, spondylus shells and semi-precious stones. These treasures can be seen at the Royal Tombs of Sipan Site Museum in Lambayeque city.
Day 2: Chiclayo–Chachapoyas. Tucume - An impressive archaeological compound spreading over 220 hectares also known as the Valley of the Pyramids. It was the most important city in the Lambayeque civilization. Its 26 mud brick truncated pyramid palaces or temples called "huacas" are about 40 meters (131 feet) high. Studies show the first temples were built around 700 years A.D. by local chieftains. An interesting display is on display at the site museum.
Following the visit to Tucume an overland trip to Chachapoyas (about 10+ hours). You will cross 4 different Peruvian departments: Lambayeque, south Piura, the North of Cajamarca and end in Amazonas, starting in the coast and arriving in the evening in the cloud forest of Chachapoyas. Transfer to hotel. Evening slide-show presentation about Chachapoyas. Overnight Gran Vilaya Hotel. Meals included: (B), (L).
Day 3: Gocta Waterfall. "Discovered" in March 2006, the Gocta Waterfall measures 2,530 feet. The waterfall has rarely been seen by anyone, due to its remote location and legends that it is haunted by a mystical siren have kept the native population at bay for hundreds of years. Morning trip to the small village of San Pablo. Hiking and by horseback to the upper levels of the Gocta Waterfall. Afternoon transfer to the town of Cocachimba. Overnight camping. Meals included: (B), (L), (D).
Day 4: Gocta Waterfall. Hiking from Cocachimba to the lower levels of Gocta Waterfall. Afternoon visit the Iyacyecuj archaeological site. Iyacyecuj Archaeological site, "Enchanted Water" Ruins: In June 2006 Dr. Peter Lerche headed up an archeology team to protect a 600-year-old underground cemetery. Discoveries include five mummies, two of which are intact with skin and hair, as well as ceramics, textiles and wall paintings. Investigations included 5 caves, stone paved pre-Hispanic trails, archaeological centers like Cachimichi (pre Inca) and Corobamba (probably Inca-colonial). Overnight Gran Hotel Vilaya. Meals included: (B), (L).
Day 5: Karajia. Visit the sarcophagi site of Karajia. Karajia is an spectacular funerary site. Here we will find 3-meter anthropomorphic wooden coffins located under a cliff. Mummies were placed inside each coffin. The Chachapoyan buried their dead in capsule-like tombs constructed of stone, wooden or cane poles and clay. Known locally as purunmachus (from the Quechua, purun wild and machu, old), The funerary statues broom from cliff side perches overlooking the left bank of the Utcubamba River and several of its western tributaries. Overnight Choctamal Lodge. Meals included: (B), (L), (D).
Day 6: Kuelap Fortress. Visit Kuelap and the towers of Macro. The great fortress of Kuélap, associated with the Chachapoyas culture, consists of massive exterior stone walls containing more than four hundred buildings. The structure, situated on a ridge overlooking the Utcubamba Valley in northern Peru, is roughly 600 meters in length and 110 meters in width. It was likely built to defend against the Huari or other hostile peoples. Archaeological evidence shows that the structure was built around 500 AD and occupied until the Early Colonial period (1532-1570). Overnight Chillo lodge. Meals included: (B), (L), (D).
Day 7: Leimebamba. Visit Malqui museum. Leimebamba might have languished in total obscurity were it not for events beginning in late 1996, when looters discovered a stash of 219 mummies in the cliff side tombs overlooking the nearby Lake of the Condors. The Discovery Channel filmed the ensuing recovery operation, introducing Leymebamba to the world. Overnight Leimebamba at La Casona. Meals included: (B).
Day 8: Cajamarca. Overland down the Andes Mountains Maranon River gorge and up zigzag switchback roads to Cajamarca. Overnight Hostal Portal del Marques. Meals included: (B), (L).
Day 9: Cajamarca. Visit Ventanillas de Oturzco. The "Ventanillas" ("small window" in Spanish) are pre-Inca constructions of niches and galleries built as cemeteries around 500 to 1200 A.D. Major assemblies of these niches are found in Otuzco and Combayo. City tour: Main Square, the Cathedral and the 17th Century San Francisco church, the Ransom, the Belen complex, Santa Apolonia Hill. Overnight Hostal Portal del Marques. Meals included: (B).
Day 10: Trujillo. Overland to the Pacific coast city of Trujillo. Visit to the Huaca de la Luna. Huaca de la Luna: Ceremonial centers or huacas dating back to the Moche civilization that blossomed between 100 and 800 A.D. The Temple of the Sun is a stepped pyramid rising 43 meters (141 feet). The moon Temple is some 500 meters (1640 feet) away and comprises overlaying temples built during successive periods of Moche power. Some walls show multicolored paintings where the fierce-looking Ai-Apaec feline god shows its canine teeth, together with processions of prisoners on their way to the sacrificial ritual. Overnight hotel. Meals included: (B).
Day 11: Trujillo. Visit Chan Chan. Chan Chan - The largest mud brick city of pre-Hispanic Americas and home to an estimated 26,500 people. Chan Chan was also the religious and administrative capital of the Great Chimu kingdom that flourished between 1100 and 1500 A.D. Chan Chan was built over 20 square kilometers with its walls rising some 12 meters (39 feet) tall, decorated with geometric and animal motifs. Transfer to the airport for flight to Lima. Meals included: (B).
Also see tour packages in:
South America Peru History Whiz Archeology/History
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