This region offers an endless variety of culture and changing countryside as it proceeds from the hot rive-growing districts through terraced fields, forests of birch, bamboo and rhododendron that eventually turn to stands of fir and hemlock as one climbs higher intro the mountains. Himalayan bear, barking deer and the lesser panda are among the rich animal and bird life that fill the area. Kanchanjunga, Makalu and the spectacular Jannu are among the peaks at the outset of the trek. Passing through villages of Brahmins and Chhetries, you enter almost exclusive Rai territory with a scatter of Gurung and Sherpa settlements.
Day 1: Kathmandu to Birathnagar by flight.
Day 2: After arriving in Taplejung on the early morning flight start walking to Lali Kharka past picturesque multi-ethnic villages.
Day 3: Keswa. From the ridge there are good views of Jannu (also known as Kumbhakarna Himal), the mountain looms at the head of the valley and has a striking presence.
Day 4: Mamankhe is a Rai and Limbu village the houses surrounded by barley, millet and cornfields. The local tea-shops have great tongba where you can sip the warm drink with a bamboo straw and chat with English-speaking elderly ex-servicemen.
Day 5: Yamptudin is probably the only Gurung village this far east. Unlike their Rai or Limbu neighbours, they speak Nepali.
Day 6: Lamite Bhanjyang does not offer much of a view because of the thick forest of tall trees. Beyond here, there are only herders and shepherds to be seen taking livestock to high pastures.
Day 7: Tseram at 3,770 m is the junction from where you branch off to the Yalung Glacier.
Day 8: Ramche at 4,800 m is a yak shelter from where it is two-and-half-hours to the base camp for Kangchenjunga south face. Further up there is a broad glacier field at Oktang, a great place to camp or next morning you will be there.
Day 9: An easy day on around the Oktang.
Day 10: Back to Tseram (it is too hard to cross Labsang La in March/April).
Day 11: Rapka Kharka is a long day from Tseram, crossing two 4,800 m passes. The is a fantastic point to view the world of Kanchanjunga. Kangchenjunga and Jannu dominate the eastern horizon, to the west is the jagged ridge of Jaljale Himal which separates the Tamur and Arun watersheds, and far in the distance are Makalu and Everest. On a clear day, you see down to the Indian plains to the south.
Day 12: Ghunsa, site of a Tibetan Refugee Camp, is four-and-a-half hours down to the valley and you can reach in time for lunch.
Day 13: Rampuk Kharka. The day starts with a forest trail and slowly gets into moraine country with narrow trails and rock falls.
Day 14: Lhonak, it is a long valley with surrounded by all the might snow mountains and glacier. It is a long and exciting valley. There are many peaks around you to climb to see higher and wider of the area. Views of Kirat Chuli, Nepal peak and the Twins are just at the end of the valley.
Day 15: Amjilasa.
Day 16: By Chirwa you are back in the low mid-hills with Bahun, Chhetri villages.
Day 17: Depend on the snow level we can try to go more inner part of the valley. Pangpema or Lhonak will be camp destination.
Day 18: An easy day on around the Glacier Valley and come back to Rampuk Kharaka.
Day 19: Back to Ghunsa or walk more to to Phere.
Day 20: Amjilasa or Ghaya Bari.
Day 21: By Chirwa you are back in the low mid-hills with Bahun, Chhetri villages.
Day 22: Climb up to the ridge to get back to Taplejung for the flight back.
Day 23: Fly back to Kathmandu.
Also see tour packages in:
Asia Nepal Outdoor: Land Rambler Hiking & Trekking Cultural Journey