Tighina/Bender Fortress: Near the oldest Nistru gorge, in the third century B.C., there was a human settlement in Tighina. Later there appeared the first palisade and earthwork fortifications. The first documentary mention of “Tighina Fortress” was in 1408. In the reign of Petru Rares the fortress was rebuilt in stone. Its walls have survived to the present and offer an example of classic Moldavian defensive construction. In 1538 Tighina was conquered by the Turkish Empire and re-named Bender. The Russians conquered it in 1812. Today the fortress serves as a base for the 14th Russian Army.
Tiraspol is the second largest city in Moldova and is the capital and administrative centre of the, de facto, independent Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic (Transnistria). The city is located on the Eastern bank of the Dniester River. Tiraspol is a regional hub of light industry, such as furniture and electrical goods production. Tiraspol was founded by the Russian general Alexander Suvorov in 1792 The city celebrates its anniversary every year on October 14th. In 1989 the city had a population of about 190,000 and in 1992 203,000. 41% were Russians, 32% Ukrainians and 18% were Moldovans. As result of the political and economic situation that followed the proclamation of the independent (unrecognized) Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic, as well as large Jewish emigration in the early 1990s, the population of the city fell below its 1989 number and the 2004 Census in Transnistria puts its current population at 158,069.
Kvint factory: The history of this enterprise traces back to 1897, when a rectification warehouse was built and launched into operation on Vokzalnaya Street. At that time it was specialized in production of 40º alc. vodka from homemade grape wines purchased from the peasants of nearby villages. As early as then the idea of making cognacs was conceived and first steps were taken to implement it into practice, although the first cognac spirits were laid for seasoning only in 1938. It was that “store of sun”, which laid foundation of the present fame and popularity of the drinks under the trademark "KVINT" on the C.I.S. markets and in many Western countries. The fate of the Tiraspol Wine & Cognac Distillery "KVINT" was not smooth, same as the fate of its country: it was destined to revive twice from the ashes – first in 1925, after a fire of 1918, which had burnt it to the ground, and then again in 1948, when it was restored from the ruins after the World War II.
KVINT annually produces about ten million liters of wines, cognacs, vodka and other strong drinks. This includes more than 40 names of vodka, liqueur, wine, fifteen brands of cognac aged from 3 to 50 years, each product outstanding not only for its original content, but also for its up to date consumer-alluring design. The product under the trademark "KVINT" is a standard of the highest quality; it will give you a true pleasure of encounter with the inspiration personified.
Chitcani/Noul Neamtz Monastery: The monastery of the Holy Ascension in New-Neamts is situated in Bessarabia, on the right shore of Dniester, at a distance of 14 km from the town of Toghina (Bender) and 6 km from the town of Tiraspol. The monastic complex rises grandly to the sky, being seen from the distance by the people coming near the village of Chitcani. There're four churches on the territory of the monastery. In center of it, the wonderful Ascension cathedral is situated. On its left there is the old church built in the honor of the Saint Hierarch Nicholas the Wonder-Worker. Opposite there is a refectory church, of the Ascension of the Holy Cross. The Dormition church is a congruous part with its five chapels completing the general view of the monastery.
A true pearl of the monastery is the bell tower. Consisting of 5 levels, it is seventy meters tall and is the highest and the most splendid bell tower in the Republic of Moldova. From the upper level of the bell tower you can see the wonderful picturesque views of the surroundings. The golden chapel seems to call secretly each person, either a monk or just a passer-by, to raise the «mind to the sky».
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Europe Moldova History Whiz Archeology/History Cultural Journey
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