Day 1: Lima. Assistance at your arrival to Lima International Airport and transfer to your Hotel.
Day 2: Lima - Trujillo - Chan Chan including Huanchaco - Huacas Sun and Moon. Early breakfast. Private transfer to airport in order to board a domestic flight to Trujillo. Arrive and transfer to hotel. 08:30 a.m. the Sun and the Moon Temple. By crossing the Moche countryside, we’ll see the traditional agricultural methods. The Sun und Moon Temple (Huaca del Sol y de la Luna) are located between the fields and the desert. The Sun Temple functioned as the political-administrative center and the Moon Temple as the ceremonial center. The Sun Temple was made with more than 100 millions of dry mud bricks and it still has its original 45 meters of high! On the other hand, the Moon Temple is composed of 6 constructions, one over the other. Between those temples we are going to find the Moche city. Patiently, the archaeologists spend their time in doing researches about this ancient city in order to increase their knowledge about their customs and their culture.
After that we will visit ChanChan. The visit begins with the Arco Iris Temple, also known as «Huaca El Dragon» , built by the Chimu culture between the 11th and the 15th century and surrounded by a 6 meters high wall. The small museum placed there will help you to discover the different kinds of architectonical Moche and Chimu works. You are also going to benefit from a fantastic sun and light. After that, we’re going to visit the imposing architectonic complex of Chan Chan extended over more than 18 km2. The Tschudi Palace, placed in the southwest of Chan Chan, is one of the most well-preserved and well-decorated palaces. It is decorated with geometric shapes and low-relieves animal draws. We’ll also visit the ceremonial places, the grain stores and the cemetery. Then, Huanchaco will be waiting for us; it’s a small city of fishermen where the traditional boats - the «caballitos de totora» - made of reeds still being used. Return to hotel. Overnight stay.
Day 3: Trujillo - Chiclayo - Museo Sican. Breakfast at hotel. Transfer and departure in Pullman bus to Chiclayo. Arrival and transfer to hotel. 14:00 visit the National Sican Museum. Sican or House of the Moon is a museum that gathers objects from the research lead by the archeologist Izumi Shimada, director of the Sican Archeological Project (1978), for more than two decades. The exhibition compiles the artifacts found in the site digs of Batán Grande and demonstrates how they were used or fabricated. The intention is to model different aspects linked to the Sican culture through the representation of the details of domestic life, the manufacturing processes, or production work. The rooms represent excavated tombs and exhibit the burial paraphernalia discovered there. The museum also offers detailed information on the excavation process and site preservation, as well as the chronology, development, trade networks, economic activities, burial patterns, and cosmology of the Sican or Lambayeque cultures. Return to hotel.
Day 4: Chiclayo - Tucume and Royal Tombs Museum - Lima. Breakfast at hotel. 08:30 Tucume Archaeological Complex. According to the legend, it was built in the year 700 A.D. and was founded by Calac, descendent of Naymlap. Tucume, or Valle de las Pirámides (Valley of the Pyramids), is made up of twenty-six pyramids, the most impressive ones being the Huaca del Pueblo, La Raya, El Sol, and Las Estacas. Besides of archeology richness. Tucume stands out for its level of community involvement in the preservation of its natural and cultural heritage. Then we will visit Royal Tombs of Sipan National Museum. This modern architectural building houses the collection of archeological objects of gold, silver, and copper found in the tomb of the Lord of Sipan. The museum is directed by the archeologist Watler Alva, manager and director of the project, who was also the discoverer of the tomb in the archeological zone of the Huaca Rajada in the town of Sipan. Among the many important pieces are earrings, ceremonial scepters, medallions, a heavy circular gold ingot, nose rings, gold necklaces in the shape of peanuts, a gold chin and cheek mask, gold back flap, and gold disks worn around the neck. At according time private transfer to airport to board a flight to Lima. Arrive and transfer to hotel. Overnight.
Day 5: Lima - Cuzco, City Tour + 4 Ruins near Machu Picchu. Breakfast. AM Transfer to airport in order to board domestic flight to Cusco. Arrive and transfer to hotel. Afternoon 14:00 We star sightseeing tour visiting he Plaza de Armas (main square)that was the centre of Inca Cusco and, still today, remains at the heart of modern Cusco. Then, San Blass Street and The Cathedral that dominates the north-east side of the Plaza de Armas and sits squarely on the foundations of the Inca Viracocha's palace. The Cathedral was begun in 1550 and completed nearly 100 years later, constructed in the shape of a Latin cross. We will continue the visit Santo Domingo Church & Qoricancha the Inca temple of the sun. Santo Domingo was built in the 17th century on the walls of the Koricancha Temple of the Sun.
Then we will visit Sacsayhuaman Inca fortress, which visitors cannot fail to be impressed by the beauty and monumental scale of this important Inca construction. Qenko, This is one of the finest examples of a rock artfully carved insitu showing complex patterns of steps, seats, geometric relief and a puma design. The rock is an excellent example of the Inca 'Rock Worship'. Puca Pucara, situated on a hill with superb views over the surrounding countryside Puca Pucara was more likely a tambo, or kind of post house than an actual fortress. Tambomachay commonly referred to as the 'Baños del Inca' or Inca baths, Tambomachay was a site for ritual bathing. The excellent quality of the stonework suggests that its use was restricted to the higher nobility, who maybe only used the baths on ceremonial occasions. Return to the selected hotel. Overnight in Cusco City.
Day 6: Cuzco - Sacred Valley - Ollantaytambo Cusco Main Square. Breakfast. Full-day excursion to the "Sacred Valley of the Incas", by the Vilcanota River. We will have the opportunity to share closely the peasants' customs and bargain with vendors at the typical Indian market of Pisac, held on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Sundays. Lunch in a local countryside restaurant. After lunch, passing through the Towns of Calca and Urubamba, we visit the Inca Fortress and Citadel of Ollantaytambo, built to guard the entrance to this part of the Valley, and protect it from possible invasion from the tribes in the Lower jungle. The Fortress consists of a series of stepped carved stone terraces accessed by long staircases. Later on you can walk through the quaint streets of the nearby Town, and get a good idea of what this Strategic Military, Religious, and Agricultural Centre was like during the era of the Inca Empire. Overnight in Ollanta. Includes: (B), (L).
Day 7: Ollantaytambo - Machu Picchu - Cuzco, Peru Airline. Breakfast. Train Vistadome Ollanta – Aguas Calientes. Arrival and board the bus to arrive to the Citadel of Machu Picchu. (share services) Visit to Machu Picchu one of the new 7 world wonders. In this visit you can see the Intihuatana, The 3 Windows, The Inca’s Palace, etc. Return to Aguas Calientes. Buffet Lunch at restaurant. In the afternoon will take the Train to go back to Cusco. Arrival, and transfer to the Hotel. Overnight.
Day 8: Cusco - Manu National Park - Cock of hte Rock Lodge. Breakfast at hotel. Cock-of-the-Rock Lodge - Manu Cloud Forest, Peru. The Cock-of-the-Rock Lodge is located at 1600m/5200ft elevation in the Kosñipata Valley, 165km/102 miles by road from Cusco, and situated within the 5,060 ha/12,500 acre cloud forest reserve of the conservation group Peru Verde. We take just 7 to 8 hours by bus from Cusco to reach the peace and simple comfort of this lodge - although many groups are so entralled by the magical diversity of what the world's leading bird tour company has called "the best road in the world", that they spend a bit longer. It has 12 comfortable, double-occupancy bungalows, with hot showers, flush toilets and private balconies overlooking the cloud forest. Just minutes walk from the lodge, the world's largest, most accessible and tamest known group of displaying Andean Cocks-of-the-Rock awe and delight visitors with their twice-daily courting antics.
Excursion Day to Cusco to Cock-of-the-Rock Lodge: Our overland journey begins at 3,400m/11,150 ft, with an early departure from the highland city of Cusco. Today’s destination is the lush cloud forest region where the Andes fall away to the Amazon basin. This is a day of scenic drama and striking contrasts. We first visit a mountain wetland habitat teeming with migrant and local waterfowl, before crossing two mountain ranges between the Cusco valley and the Paucartambo valley, to a maximum altitude of 3,900m/12,790ft. Finally we follow a sinuous ribbon of highway on its plunge through an extraordinary world of forested cliffs, waterfalls and gorges. We take leisurely stops to see mountain villages, a hilltop necropolis of chullpas (pre-Inca burial chambers), and the abrupt ridge top of Ajanaco, which marks the final high point where the Andes begin their swoop into the Amazon basin. In clear weather we will see a breathtaking panorama of cloud forest and mountain giving way to the lowland rainforest plains far below us.
After a picnic lunch we descend through the startling and rapid environmental transformations characteristic of the tropical Andes, passing from grassland and stunted trees through elfin forest, until we wind through a lush and magical world of overhanging trees, giant ferns, monster begonias, countless orchids and bromeliads, and a diverse and teeming birdlife. We make frequent spontaneous stops, perhaps spotting a brilliantly feathered quetzal, a trogon, or the wild turkey-like Guan. We reach the comfortable Cock-of-the-Rock Lodge in the late afternoon, the best hour to visit the nearby viewing platform for the display ground, or “lek”. This is usually the highlight of a long, full day, a chance to see Peru’s dazzling national bird, the Cock-of-the-Rock (Rupicola peruviana) in full, raucous courting display.
Day 9: Cock pf the Rock Lodge: Along the road and trails. In the early morning we have a second chance to view the Cock-of-the-Rock display. This lek and its observation blind are famous among birders, since nowhere else on the planet allows so many of these spectacular blazing red birds to be seen so easily. (Note that the very best months for viewing Cocks-of-the-Rock are in September, October and November, although the males display throughout the year.) Afterwards we can stroll along the clearing formed by the nearby road, spotting other birds, and with luck some Brown Capuchin or Woolly Monkeys. After a hearty breakfast we can explore the forest overhanging the gravel road near the lodge, or some of the miles of trails that wind through the valley, to see high elevation cloud forest birds. This is a relaxed and enchanting day.
As we amble among the woods and waterfalls we can marvel at the extraordinary variety of orchids, bromeliads, ferns, begonias, lichens and mosses and we also have a chance of sighting Woolly and/or Brown capuchin monkeys. Along the way we may encounter some of the most colorful denizens of the cloud forest, such as the brilliant Golden-headed Quetzal, Gray-breasted Mountain Toucan, Blue-crowned Motmot, Umbrella Bird, Blue-banded Toucanet, fruit-eating tanagers, Red-crested Cotinga, Banded-tail Fruit-eater, and a variety of flycatchers. In the afternoon we can relax at the lodge, enjoying the dining hall viewing platform, or our private forest-overlook balcony. Or we can cross the river on the lodge’s private oroya (cable bridge) and hike the trail on the south side of the Kosñipata River.
Day 10: Cock of the Rock Lodge - Cuzco. After an early breakfast we set off once more up the cloud forest highway, pausing here and there to alight and stroll in search of more birds: ones we have already seen, but are too spectacular to ignore, and birds we are seeing for the first time. Or perhaps we will glimpse monkeys that have so far eluded us. We wind our way through the enchanted mountain landscape on our route back to Cusco, knowing that the memory of this will remain with us for years to come.
Day 11: Cuzco - Puno. Breakfast at hotel. Transfer to the city of Puno by turistical bus. The ride, which takes approximately eight hours, will allow you to contemplate the wild meadows of theAndean plateau and also typical andean towns. There will also be brief port of La Raya, Raqchi, Andahualillas. Lunch included. Arrival to Puno and transfer to the hotel. Check in and lodging.
Day 12: Puno - Taquile And Uros Islands. Breakfast. Early in the morning, we take a two-hour motor boat excursion on the waters of Lake Titicaca to the unique Floating "Islands" of the Uros. These ancient inhabitants of the lake, known as the Water Tribe, have built their own "islands" by periodically adding new layers of a type of reed unique to the area called "Totora". Their homes and boats are also made from this material. We continue our motorboat trip to Taquile Island, inhabited by Quechua-speaking natives who have developed efficient and unique social systems, as well as fine hand weaving techniques, down through the generations. Upon arrival at the Town of Taquile we will have a lunch. Then we will walk through the various hills and archaeological sites of this 6km long island. In the afternoon, return to Puno for overnight at selected hotel.
Day 13: Puno - Colca. Early in the morning, after breakfast, departure by land on your excursion towards the Colca Valley. Lunch include. In the afternoon, visit Hot Spring Thermal and Medicinal Baths. overnight stay.
Day 14: Colca - Arequipa. Breakfast at Hotel. Early in the morning departure to the "Condor's Cross" from where the great Andean bird, the Condor, may be spotted flying in circles above still farmed green pre-Hispanic terraces. Enjoy the impressive panorama of the Colca Canyon, one of the deepest in the World (3,180 mts.). On the way back to Chivay, visit to the Mirador of Chinina, where we will find the famous Hanging Tombs and the Hanging Bridge of Sifón that joins the Town of Yanque with Coporaque. At the Town of Yanque, visit its beautiful church and its characteristic cobbled stone streets among other attractions. Lunch include. Arrive to Arequipa. Overnight.
Day 15: Arequipa - City Tour - Arequipa. Breakfast. Free time at your leisure in the morning. 14:00 In the afternoon, visit Santa Catalina (Private service): We start a three hour sightseeing tour including the Santa Catalina Convent that was founded on the second of October in 1580 and has an extension of 20000 square meters and was constructed in the second half of the 16th Century. The Convent, in which there are still nuns living in cloisters, is a walled small city with narrow streets, passages, stair cases and small squares. Then we will visit the Plaza de Armas the Jesuit Church of La Compañía and its beautifully-painted Chapel, the Church of San Francisco, the San Lazaro District, Selva Alegre and the typical Districts of Cayma and Yanahuara for a magnificent view of the Misti Volcano. Return to the hotel. Overnight stay.
Day 16: Arequipa - Lima. Breakfast. Transfer to airport to board your international flight.
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South America Peru History Whiz Archeology/History Rainforest