Day 1: Morning arrival in Tashkent. Transfer to the hotel and accommodation. Rest after a long flight. Afternoon city tour: "New Tashkent Television Tower" - the highest in Central Asia and the eighth in the world - 375 m, "Memorial to the Victims of Repression", "Monument of Courage" - the epicenter of the Tashkent earthquake of 1966 (1976). Old part of the city: the architectural complex "Khazret-Imam" incl. necropolis of imam Abu Bakr Muhammad al-Kaffal Shashi who was one of the first Muslim imams and a famous prophet and poet (16th c), "Barak-khan Medressa" - built by Suyunidj-khan - the first ruler of the Uzbek dynasty of the Sheibanid's (16th c).
Also here we will visit "Tellya Sheikh Medressa" also called "Khast Imom Mosque" where Osman Quran - the world's oldest - is kept (19th c), "Mui-Mubarak Medressa" (19th c), "Juma Mosque" (15-19th c), Imam Ismail al Bukhari Islamic Institute - a two year post-medressa academy, "Hadra" square, "Kukeldash Medressa" - was built by Kukekdash - the vizier of the Tashkent khans (16th c), "Jami Mosque" - the third biggest mosque in Uzbekistan. Transfer to airport for evening flight to Urgench on flight at 6:00 pm. At 7:40 pm arrival in Urgench, the administration center of Khorezm region. Transfer to Khiva - the only "Museum under the open sky" in Central Asia that has been completely preserved up to the present day (35 km, 30 min). Overnight in Khiva.
Day 2: Khiva - Bukhara. Breakfast in the hotel. City tour around complex Ichan-Qala" - the historical center of Khiva which has been inscribed into the UNESCO World Heritage List. City tour around the architectural complex "Ichan-Qala" (12-19th c): Kunya-Ark khan's castle - the inner citadel of Ichan-Qala (16-17th c), Kalta Minor Tower (Short minaret) that would have become the biggest and tallest minaret in Central Asia (19th c), Muhammad Amin-Khan - the biggest medieval medressa in Khiva (1845-1855), Djuma Mosque with 220 wooden columns and a minaret 32,5 m height (10th c), Tash-Hauli (Stone courtyard) palace looking like a fortress with a high battlements, towers and fortified gates (19th c).
Next we will visit Ak-Mosque (White Mosque) - a small quarter mosque by the gates of Palvan-Darvaza (1838-1842), necropolis of Pahlavan Mahmud - the cultic center of Ichan-Qala (1810-1913), residence of Islam Khodja (1910) - the vizier of the last khan. Ensemble consists of the smallest medressa in Khiva and a minaret whose top platform has a height of 45 m and is the highest observation point in town. Afternoon transfer to Bukhara via the Kizil-Kum desert along the Caravan road (480 km, 5-7 hrs). Arrival in Sacred Bukhara - one of the most esteemed cities of Islamic civilization. Overnight in Bukhara.
Day 3: Bukhara. Breakfast in the hotel. City tour: mausoleum of the Samanids - the most ancient brick building in Central Asia, a masterpiece of world architecture (9-10th c), mausoleum Chashma Ayub that belongs to the esteemed "places of trace" left by saints persons (14th c). The legend says that once the bible prophet Job (Ayub) visited this place. Visit to the museums of Imam Al Bukhari and "The Museum of Water". "Bolo-Houz Mosque" - the only monument of medieval Bukhara (beg. of 20th c), Ark - the center of Bukhara statehood (4th c. BC), silk carpet shops, complex "Poi Kalon" ("Beneath the Great"): "Kalyan Minaret" - the main symbol of sacred Bukhara that symbolized the authority and power of the spiritual governors.
"Kalyan Mosque"- its area of 130x80 m surpasses Bibi-Khanym mosque in Samarkand, "Miri Arab Madrassah" - active madrassah is one of the most esteemed spiritual Islamic universities (16th c), "Taki Zargaron" - the dome of jewelers (15-16th c), "Ulugbeg Medressa" - one of the 3 madrassahs constructed by the grandson of Tamerlan - Ulugbeg (15th c), Tim of Abdullah-Khan madrassah (1588-1590), atlas shops, "Magoki-Attari Mosque" - the most ancient mosque in Bukhara (12th c) is considered a masterpiece of Bukhara architecture, "Khanaka and madrassah of Nadir Divan-Beghi" - a massive rectangular structure that was a place for the refuge and meditation of Sufis (17th c), "Kukeldash Madrassah" (16th c) - one of the biggest Bukhara madrassah, "Lyabi-Hauz" ensemble - the largest artificial reservoir of medieval Bukhara - is very popular among tourists (14-17th c), "Chor Minor" ("Four minarets") is an unusual madrassah built by Caliph Niyazkul (18th c). Overnight in Bukhara.
Day 4: Bukhara - Samarkand. Breakfast in the hotel. 06:00 am transfer to the historical town of Samarkand - a crossroad of the world's cultures, one of the most ancient cities in the world (268 km, 4 hrs) and hotel accommodation. Tour around the capital of Tamerlane's Empire: Gur Emir Mausoleum - Tamerlan's tomb (14 - 15th c) that was built for Temur's grandson Muhammad-Sultan and the tombs of three other Temurids - sons of Temur - Miranshah and Shahruh and his grandson Ulugbek, Ruhabad Mausoleum ("House of Spirit") - the legend says that under the dome there is a box with seven hairs of Prophet Muhammad (14th c).
Also we will visit Registan Square ("A sandy place") - the major square of Samarkand: Ulugbeg Medressa - Sheikh Khodja Akhrar and poet Djami were among outstanding graduates of the medressa (15th c), Sher-Dor Medressa ("Having tigers") (17th c), Tillya-Kari Medressa ("Coated by gold") - the rich gilding on the dome, walls and mihrab surpassed all other famous buildings in Central Asia (17th c). The mosque named after Hazret-Hyzr - an Islamic saint and eternal wanderer. He was esteemed as giving richness and good luck in far voyages and trade (19th c), cathedral mosque Bibi-Khanym that was named after the oldest wife of Tamerlan (14th c), the architectural complex Shahi-Zinda (Alive king) - necropolis on the slope of the Afrosiab hill is connected with Kusam ibn Abbas - the cousin of Prophet Muhammad (11-15th c). Overnight in Samarkand.
Day 5: Samarkand. Breakfast in the hotel. Transfer to Tashkent (315 km, 5 hrs). Transfer to Tashkent Airport for flight.
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Asia Uzbekistan Local Culture Cultural Journey Museum Tours
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