Day 1: Cusco. Arrival, meet and transfer to the hotel. Overnight in Cusco.
Day 2: Cusco. Breakfast at the hotel. Today enjoy a city tour of Cusco and the nearby ruins. Cusco, the archaeological capital of the Americas, exists in the present and the past at the same time, being a living example of the meeting of two different age of culture. Visit to the Koricancha or Temple of the Sun, the Cathedral from the early 17th century, it is a fine example of colonial baroque art. Continue the excursion with the visit to the nearby ruins of Tambomachay with their water fountains; Kenko, the religious center; Puca-Pucara, the red fortress, and finally the fortress of Sacsayhuaman. Overnight in Cusco.
Day 3: Cusco - Sacred Valley. Breakfast at the hotel. This morning you will set off into the Sacred Valley of the Incas. You will visit Pisac, a picturesque town located 19.8 miles or 32 km. northeast of Cusco. It is famous for its colonial church, where masses in Quechua are held every Sunday. Its colorful fairs also take place every day. The surface of the market's main area is made of flat stone that makes rolling easy for wheelchair users, except in some zones (such as the lower part of the market away from the Church and the street in front of it) that have small stones on the surface.
The space between stands is wide, they are at the right height to see the products and the area is shaded. The church is an important tourist attraction that has to be visited. Lunch is included. In the afternoon you will visit the remarkable fortress of Ollantaytambo, built by the Incas. A very steep stone staircase leads into the fortress. Across an esplanade there is a temple with 10 niches, and beside it a block of partially unworked stones. Beyond another esplanade, six huge rectangular monoliths (estimated weight: 50 tons) form the Temple of the Sun. Vestiges of rooms are seen on top, and on the other side of the hill a four storey building, either a military school or prison. Lunch is included. Overnight in the Sacred Valley.
Day 4: Sacred Valley - Machu Picchu. Breakfast at the hotel. Today you will leave the hotel early and take transfer to the railway station to board the tourist train that goes through the Urubamba Valley or Sacred Valley of the Incas, to the fabulous mountaintop ruins of Machu Picchu. Machu Picchu was never discovered by the Spaniards. For centuries it was buried in the jungle until Hiram Bingham found it in 1911. The Holy City of Machu Picchu was built in stone among the flanks of two hills belonging to the eastern mountain range of the Andes, descending into the Amazonian upper sylvan.
There is no doubt that Machu Picchu represents an extraordinary example of architecture and engineering. Upon arrival to the station, the buses wait to transfer you to the top of the ruins. A guided tour of the ruins gives you some idea of what the city must have looked like. Lunch is included. In the afternoon you will take the train back to Cusco. Upon arrival to the station you will be met and transferred to your hotel. Overnight in Cusco.
Day 5: Cusco. Today your tour concludes with a transfer to the airport or bus station for your onward journey.
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South America Peru History Whiz Archeology/History Hiking & Trekking
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