Cameroon is situated in the border area between West and Central Africa. You will find a diversity of biotopes like the mangroves and tropical lowland jungle near the coast, African mountain forests in the North West, savanna plateaus in the Mid North and the dry desert Sahel in the Extreme North. This diversity offers an enormous variety in bird life of more than 900 species in the entire country of which 26 endemic bird species.
The Cameroon endemic birding tour focuses on the lowland jungle and the mountain forests in the West of the country where you can find all the species endemic to Cameroon. During this 2-week trip we will travel through the low land jungle and the mountain woods and get to know the impressive diversity in birds, animals, plants, people and cultures. It goes without saying that the endemic have our prime attention and we will see a great number of unique birds in their natural but much endangered habitat.
Day 1: Arrival and welcome by our company representative and transfer to the hotel Douala and overnight.
Day 2: Limbe. After breakfast we travel to Limbe, a small seaside resort near the coast at the foot of Mount Cameroon. On the way we make several stops to look for the African Fin foot. In the afternoon we visit the beautiful Botanical Gardens of Limbe. These gardens were laid out by the Germans who used it as an agricultural experimental/research station.
Now it is a peaceful and quiet oasis with impressive trees, a murmuring brook and many birds. Here we specially look for the many sunbirds, like Reichenbachs, Carmelites, and the Brown and Green headed sunbird. We can also find the beautiful Western Bluebill and the Cassin’s Flycatcher and we try to nominate as many Green bulls as possible. We overnight in the Semme Beach hotel, a comfortable hotel at the beach.
Day 3: Mount Cameroon. Today the real work starts with a trek on Mount Cameroon, with 4100 m the second highest mountain in Africa and home to an exceptionally rich and unique flora and fauna. Our goal is the unique mountain woods circling the mountain between 1000 and 2000 m. Here we stand a good chance to see some species endemic to the West African Mountain Woods like the Western Montane Green bull, Cameroon Sunbird, Green Longtail, Oriole Finch and Thickbill Finch.
In the shrubs along the path we hear and with some patience we will see the African Hill Babbler and the Evergreen Forest Warbler, both in a variety endemic to Mount Cameroon. At the edge of the forest we have the chance to see the Mountain Saw-wing also unique for this mountain and along the path we can see the Mountain Robi Chat, again a Mount Cameroon sub species.
Other endemic species that we might see on Mount Cameroon are Yellow White-eyer (Mountain White eye), Little Oliveback, Yellow breasted boubou. We walk to the where the forest changes into savannah and where we can see Mount Cameroon Speirops, a bird that exclusively belongs to Mount Cameroon. The Mount Cameroon Francolin can only be seen after a 3 day trek at the other side of the mountain and this bird is not likely to be seen during this day. We return to Limbe Beach hotel for overnight.
Day 4: Travel day to Korup Park (long day and an exciting experience). Very early after breakfast we leave to the Korup Park, with a list of more than 300 bird species, a must on this trip. From Ekondo Titi we travel along a beautiful lowland jungle road to Mundemba, the entry point of the Korup Park. Here we have to organize the entry certificates and we make acquaintance with the compulsory Park guide. We overnight in a basic tourist hotel.
Day 5: Korup Park (hot and damp/slippery conditions and long walks in the park). Early in the morning we enter the park via a long hanging bridge over the Mana River, one of the few places in Cameroon where you might see the Rock Pratincole. Over the river fly the first hornbills, the best area in the park where you get a good sight of these birds. At the other side of the bridge a completely different world awaits us.
The path takes us through a thick forest of undergrowth, trees and creepers full of different scents and sounds or complete stillness. Not much light penetrates to the bottom of this forest and therefore it takes a lot of concentration, patience and luck to spot birds but once we are used to the environment we will hear and see a lot of Greenbuls like Ictarine, Xaviers, Golden, Spotted, Redtailed and Honeyguide Greenbuls. Somewhat higher up the trees we may see different Flycatchers and Wattle-eyes and perhaps even a Rufous-sided Broadbill, Blue throated Roller, Bare-cheeked Trogon and different species Drongo’s and Malimbes.
At open spots in the forest we look for the Square tailed Sawwing, Sabine’s and Cassin’s Spinetail and other swallow. Along the small rivulets and brooks the Shining blue and Malachite Kingfishers are hunting. Depending on how late we arrive, we can visit the Picathartes Knoll at twilight. At this mysterious spot in the jungle lies a massive rock where a breeding colony of the perhaps most extraordinary bird of the lowland forest is to be found: the Grey-necked Picathartes. We overnight in basic huts in the Rengo Camp in the middle of the jungle along a small crystal clear river.
Day 6: Korup Park. Today we spend in the park and via some well passable paths we look for the various lowland birds. Depending on how we feel we can leave early at dusk to the Rengo Rock to see the many Hornbills fly to the fruit trees in the jungle. Alternatively we can trek into the jungle looking for the many small birds in the undergrowth which you can only spot with a lot of patience. This evening we try to spot Night Swallows and Owls around the Rengo Camp. Overnight in the Rengo Camp.
Day 7: Korup Park. Today we slowly walk from the park back to civilization. On our way we look out for the vicious Soldier Ants, rapacious ants that cross the jungle in meters wide columns and attack everything that comes in their way: insects, worms, mice, snakes. Various Alethes (Fire crested), Green bulls, Flycatchers (African Paradis, Sooty, Red bellied Paradise) and other opportunists catch the roused insects and show themselves well. Near the hanging bridge we watch the hornbills for the last time before we drive back to our hotel in Mundemba. Dinner and overnight in Mundemba.
Day 8: Travel day to Mount Kupe (long day and very bad road). Today we will be en route to Mount Kupe where we will arrive in the afternoon. On the way we make many stops near rivers and forest patches where we may see the Black Coucal, Congo Serpent Eagle, Sabine’s Spintail and whatever luck may bring us. We make a lunch stop at Lake Barombi, a crater lake near Kumba and a fine spot to have a refreshing swim or a last time visit to the lowland forest along the shores of the lake. We overnight in a guesthouse in Nyasoso.
Day 9: Excursion Mount Kupe. Mount Kupe comes third on the list of most popular birding destinations in Africa (African Bird Club). The reason is the exceptional density of special and unique bird species on this lonely, forest covered mountain. First price is the Mount Kupe Bush Shrike, a bird only recently discovered in 1949. Only 7 breeding couples exist on Mount Kupe. These birds were also found in the 15 km further away Bakossi Mountains, but nowhere else in Cameroon. Furthermore we can look for other specialties like Mountain Babbler, Bate’s Sunbird, Bar-tailed Trogon and White-tailed Warbler. Overnight in the guesthouse in Nyasoso.
Day 10: Mount Kupe. A full day bird spotting at Mount Kupe overnight in the guesthouse in Nyasoso.
Day 11: Excursion Bakossi Mountains (reasonable road in the dry season). Early in the morning we depart to Bangem, a small village in the Bakossi Mountains, a relatively little explored area where a few years ago the Mount Kupe Bush Shrike was found. The bird population here is comparable to that of Mount Kupe but the area is much less steep and therefore an excellent location to spot the species that we might have missed at Mount Kupe. Overnight in a tourist hotel in Bangem. Manengouba crater lake (man lake).
Day 12: Excursion to the Manengouba Crater Lakes. In the morning we drive to the old volcano Manengouba. On top of the volcano in the caldera lies a stretch of grassland with many grassland birds, like Plain backed Pipit, Grassland Pipit, Long legged Pipit. Also migrant birds of prey visit this area. In the caldera lie two crater lakes, both encircled by mountain forest. Next to the savanna species we also find the Mountain Endemics here. We specially look for water birds (Black African duck), Bee eaters (Blue breasted) and Cisticola’s. The view at the top of the caldera is breath taking indeed. In the afternoon we continue our trip to Bamenda and Belo, in the heart of the African Mountain Forest. Dinner and overnight in Bamenda.
Dag 13. Excursion Bamenda Highlands-Belo (good tarred road and reasonable road in dry season). Today we walk through a pleasant landscape of forested valleys and grass covered hills. This change in biotope guarantees a wide scale of birds, but our first goal of course is to see the Bannerman’s Turaco and the Banded Wattle-eye, both endemic to this forest area. Unfortunately the mountain forests in this region have recently come under severe pressure from the increasing population and agriculture and some species are threatened to become extinct. All endemic species of the mountain forest however are represented in adequate numbers. At the end of our walk a grotto with hundreds of bats awaits us. Return to Belo have dinner and overnight in trekkers Camp Belo. Bannerman’s Turaco.
Day 14: Belo - Douala/Yaoundé. On our last day we visit the forest once more. This time we go to the shores of a small crater lake in the neighborhood of Bamenda, Lake Awing. All the endemic mountain birds can be found here and we stand a good chance to complete our list of endemics here. In the afternoon we return, with some necessary stop on the way, to Douala. In the evening departure of our flight to Ngaoundere or departure to Yaoundé to take the evening train to Ngaoundere. Dinner and overnight on the train.
Day 15: Ngaoundere - Ngaoundaba. Arrival in Ngaoundere in the morning and departure to Ngaoundaba. Ngaoundaba Ranch is a former hunting lodge set on the rim of a dormant volcano. After some rest we’ll spend time in the afternoon birding some of the habitats here. Dinner and overnight at Ngaoundaba Ranch.
Day 16: Ngaoundaba. Entire day around the Crater Lake and surroundings birding all habitats including gallery forest, marshland, a crater lake, and open woodland. In the gallery forest we hope to see Ross’s Turaco, Gray-winged Robin Chat, Spotted Thrush Babbler, Puvel’s Illadopsis, and the charismatic Oriole Warbler, while forest edge and marsh could produce Marsh Tchagra, Blue-breasted Kingfisher, and Dybowski’s and Brown Twinspots. In the open woodlands we’ll look for Schlegel’s Francolin and Brown-chested Lapwing, and we can also expect to find White-collared Starling, White-breasted Cuckoo-shrike, Western Violet-backed Sunbird, Black-necked Weaver, Chestnut-crowned Sparrow-Weaver, and Black-capped Babbler. Night at Ngaoundaba Ranch.
Days 17-18: Ngaoundaba- Benoue national Park. After a morning’s birding close to the ranch, we’ll drive to Benoue National Park, birding in the savanna woodlands along the way, where we expect to see Bruce’s Green Pigeon, Lesser Blue-eared Starling, Senegal Parrot, and Black-bellied Firefinch.Our base for the next day will be Campement du Buffle Noir. We’ll bird in the riparian forest and miombo-like woodlands, where we can expect to find Adamawa Turtle Dove, Gray Pratincole, the striking Egyptian Plover, Emin’s Shrike, White-crested and Violet Turacos, Bearded Barbet, Grasshopper Buzzard, Stone Partridge, Abyssinian and Blue-bellied Rollers, Abyssinian Ground Hornbill, Senegal Eremomela, and White-throated Francolin. 2 overnights in Campement de Buffle Noir Benoue Park.
Day 19: Benoue Park - Ngaoundere - Yaounde. In the afternoon we’ll return to Ngaoundere to take the train again to Yaounde. Dinner and overnight on the train.
Day 20: Yaounde. Arrival in Yaounde in the morning and transfer from Yaounde to Douala with some stops on the way, stop at the Sanaga River at Edea, where we should find Gray Pratincole and African. Skimmer. Arrival Douala in the afternoon and transfer to the airport for departure flight.
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