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Tanzania Travel Tips

Tanzania travel tips on money saving, personal safety, sightseeing, and enjoying your trip to the fullest from InfoHub suppliers and community members.

Climate in Tanzania
Submitted by M20592
In Tanzania we have two basic different climate areas, the coast and the up-country. Most of our safaris are conducted in the high plains and mountains of the Great Rift Valley where temperatures are quite comfortable year round and the humidity is much lower than in the lowlands or on the coast. In the upcountry, the climate is affected mostly by the altitude with daytime temperatures ranging between 24 to 28 °C (75 to 90 °F), but during the night it is quite cold especially in the highland areas.

On the ... view more coast, a warm, humid tropical climate is experienced throughout the year. Ttemperatures range between 26 to 33 degree centigrade (80 to 100 °F) and humidity is over 77%. Two rainy seasons occur annually; the short rains from October to December and the long rains from the end of March to June.
Passport and Visa for Tanzania
Submitted by M20592
A valid passport and visa are required for everyone visiting Tanzania. A visa can be obtained at at any point of entry to Tanzania as well as in any country where there is a Tanzanian Embassy. As of early 2008, the cost is US$50. We advise you to avoid problems by completing these arrangements well in advance of your arrival to avoid possible delays before starting your safari.
Mountain Sickness
Submitted by M20586
Important information for all trekkers:
- Improper clothing, getting wet from rain/perspiration, exhaustion, causes this.
Prevention: Proper clothing (dry + that allow for ventilation, water proofing), keeping warm and active.

- Acute Mountain Sickness: This is a direct result of failure to acclimatise properly. The best way to avoid this is to ascend slowly, take care to eat and drink properly, the symptoms include nausea, headache (common), vomiting, fatigue, sleeplessness, swelling of hands/feet.

* ... view more Please note some of these symptoms are common for all the trekkers however, if food & fluid intake has been adequate and symptoms still persist and are severe, you should descend immediately. Please ask the guide for assistance.

- Pulmonary oedema: Symptoms include: shortness of breath even at rest, gurgling breath sounds that can be heard, Production of frothy white sputum, cough (sometimes sputum is blood tinged).

- Cerebral Oedema: Symptoms include severe headache, lack of co-ordination, and hallucinations that the patient does not acknowledge. Remedy: These are serious conditions, and dangerous; please advise your guide about your situation and do not attempt going any further up the mountain, at this point it is recommended that you be taken to a lower position and if necessary, the rescue team must be summoned.

Mountain Sickness
Submitted by M20586
Important Information for all Trekkers:
- Mountain Sickness: Every trekker should be aware of the following conditions that are likely to occur on the mountain, so necessary steps should be taken to avoid them. Exhaustive reading on any mountain/high altitude related and tropical sicknesses is the client’s responsibility. Conditions, symptoms and remedies suggested here are by no means exhaustive.

- Frostbite: As a result of low temperatures, the destruction of soft tissues in the fingers and toes, etc, can ... view more occur. Prevention: Good gloves (with insulation), thick wool socks would help keep toes warm

- Hypothermia: Condition associated with the lowering of body’s core temperature, Symptoms include: shivering, mental and emotional dulling, severe hypothermia can lead to total disorientation, confusion and ultimately death.

Mountain medication
Submitted by M20586
Medical Conditions: It is assumed that each trekker has consulted his/her doctor about being Physically fit to trek Mt. Kilimanjaro, as well as acquiring information on various mountain/altitude related sicknesses, prior to booking the trek. Note: Kilimanjaro is a big mountain, it should NOT be under-estimated. The trek involves hard work and various weather patterns are encountered at different stages of the trek. It is important that the following is understood:

- If you have a cold, cough, or any ... view more respiratory problem do not attempt to trek this mountain. It can be dangerous and could prove fatal. If you do attempt it anyway, park regulations restrict you to trek ABOVE 3000m.

- You are not permitted to trek this mountain if you have any of the following: cardiac problems, high/low Blood pressure, pulmonary diseases as well as respiratory problems.

- We recommend also that you have a thorough dental check up prior to trekking Kilimanjaro.

Passport and Insurance
Submitted by M20586
- Water: To avoid dehydration, it recommended that every trekker consume 1.5-3 liters of water per day, this will also help your body acclimatise with the high altitude. Note we provide bottled water on day 1 of the trek, and thereafter we provide treated water. (You can bring your own water filters if you wish).

- Pace: Maintaining a slow pace while trekking, drinking lots of water will help your body with the acclimatisation process as well as avoid many mountain-related sicknesses

- Park Regulations: Park ... view more regulations are to be observed at all times.

Itinerary: The client has no right to effect a change in program without approval from the company or unless in case of an emergency.

- Shortening of Trek duration agreed upon: Should any client shorten the trek due to whatever reason (sickness, tiredness, etc), there will be no refund and the client will be responsible for the transfer cost as well as any other expenses e.g. Hotel, hospital bills, etc.

- Insurance: It is the client’s responsibility to effect suitable insurance cover. (E.g. insurance covering baggage, travel, medical, personal injury and death, etc). Roy Safaris will assume, with your signed form that you have suitable insurance cover.

- Passport and Insurances: Kindly come with a copy of your passport and insurance will be needed so that we have it in the file, in case of any emergency.

Trekking gear and warm clothing
Submitted by M20586
Important information for all trekkers: Trekking gear and warm clothing: checklist of recommended items:
- waterproof rucksack and daypack
- sleeping-bag (at least 3 seasons)
- whistle
- boots and light trainers
- balaclava or woolen hat
- scarf
- snow goggles/sun glasses
- gaiters (useful when encountering snow, scree, etc)
- water bottle
- first aid kit and insect repellant
- gloves & mittens (synthetic preferable)
- walking pole
- pants and jacket (waterproof + windproof)
- roll mats or ... view more insulation pads (camping routes)
- some plastiic bags
- some plastic bags long sleeved shirt
- several pairs of socks
- sweaters/jumpers
- small towel and wash kit
- thermal under wear
- anorak/raincoat
- toiletry requirements
- sun protection cream & lip salve
- flashlight (head mounted preferable) with spare batteries.

Some of the trekking gear listed may be available for hire at the Kilimanjaro park gates, however choices are limited and in some instances this option may not be available, also prices can vary.

Things you should know before travelling to Tanzan
Submitted by M09541
Immigration Requirements. An onward ticket and sufficient funds are required when entering Tanzania. Visas are required for all visitors except citizens of the Commonwealth, Scandinavian countries and the Republic of Ireland. Visas are easy to obtain at any Tanzanian embassy abroad, the Visa fee is dependent on the type of passport held.
A visitor’s pass which can be obtained free from any Tanzanian diplomatic mission or point of entry is required for all travelers. It is advisable to get one before you leave ... view more home.

Health. A yellow fever vaccination certificate is essential if arriving from yellow fever infected areas and anti-malaria tablets are also recommended. Travelers are advised to take their prescribed drugs a few days prior to arrival, during their stay, and for a short period after returning.

It is also necessary to boil or sterilize all local drinking water and milk and cook or peel vegetables. Private health insurance is recommended.

Currency/Exchanging Money. There is no restriction on the importation of foreign currency. Under no circumstances should travelers change money in the streets - no matter what rate is advertised- as the chance are you will be cheated.

Take a walk on the Wild Side. Tanzania offers travelers a number of adventure activities including: – Safaris, wildlife safaris, night game drive safaris and canoeing safaris
Climbing, trekking, and mountaineering: Channel you inner explorer by conquering Mountains Kilimanjaro, Meru and Oldonyo Lengai

Walking Safaris and bird watching. Beach holidays: Tours to Zanzibar Island, Mafia Island, Dare salaam and Pangani Tanga coast offer a number of beach activities including swimming, snorkeling, scuba diving, dolphin watching, fishing and water sports.

Cultural Tourism: Learn the customs and traditions of the local people in Maasai in Ngorongoro Crater and Chagga near Mount Kilimanjaro.

Temperatures in Southern Africa, Safety, Clothing,
Submitted by M19534
Temperatures in Southern Africa are generally low in winter and hot to 30 degree but without a great difference in the range. Eastern Highlands are very cool to -5 in winter.

Safety: Need not to be in places were there are too many people without your guide since some of them might take advantage and rob you.

Clothing: Ware light cloths and dark colors since this will be not provoke animals in the parks.

Victoria falls in nice to visit in summer that is from Septermber to May there will be good splash to ... view more see. All these places have a very good atmos to visitors and are well protected .
You will enjoy more if you do camping.

Health: Cases of malaria are not that high like in East Africa. Tsetse fly are common in the zambezi valley.

Health Rules East Afriaca, Region and Safety
Submitted by M19534
Mosquetos are common in the whole of east africa and this means that one needs to take anti maralia tablets just before coming here.
Tsetse fly are also another trouble fly her so is nice to bring some of the insect repellents even though you might get some here but you better bring.

Those willing should pay insurance in the event there is a need of health and other complictions since these are personal we encourage people to be open and let us know what they might need in their diet, accommodation, transport.
... view more

Religion: It easy to see the cultural trends as you move from one place to the other. The region is very peaceful.

Safety: Thieves are everywhere so please look after your belongings.

Mt Kilimanjaro Temperatures
Submitted by M19534
East Africa Temperatures are generally hot and humid. Average of 36 degrees. Mt Kilimanjaro has its 4 steps and these are on the following temperatures as you ascend:
- At the bottom: -5
- At the middle: -10
- Pick is plus or minus 15.

Note: These vary according to the weather at the ground level but this is the most common ranges.
Successful Mount Kilimanjaro planning and climbing
Submitted by M05324
How to choose mount kilimanjaro climbing route? On Climbing mount kilimanjaro, there are several routes that can be used to reach kilimanjaro summit. Trekking can be through machame, rongai, shira, lemosho, umbwe, western breach and arrow glacier. Kilimanjaro trekking also can be encountered with altitude/mountain sickness if care is not taken. Kilimanjaro climb is a volcanic trek, with professional mountain guide.

How to avoid altitude sickness? Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro sometimes encounters with difficulty ... view more like mountain/altitude sickness. Mountain sickness when climbing mt. kilimanjaro can be overcame/prevented by some measures. Professional and experienced guide can do guide you climb Mount Kilimanjaro slowly slowly. Kilimanjaro climb slowly slowly enables the climber do breath enough, so get enough natural oxygen. Also Bottled mineral and natural spring water from the Kilimanjaro snow/glacier melting and pass through volcanic rocks in Kilimanjaro. Everest mountain and other seven summits mountains including Kilimanjaro is something challenging and lifetime adventure that someone is proud to do.

How to choose best season? The warmest months with the clearest trekking days, are from mid to late December, January, February, September and October. The rains often come in April and the start of May with the possibility of some snow. June through to August are superb trekking months, though evening temperatures tend to be colder. The wettest months, are November and early December, where snow falls are likely. Note however, that as this is a mountain it is not impossible to get sporadic snow or rainfall at odd times throughout the year.

Kilimanjaro Trekking Tips
Submitted by M19497
Food while Trekking: The cook will prepare 3 hearty meals per day. Breakfast is usually porridge, fruit, eggs, toast, and coffee or tea. Lunch usually consists of soup, bread, pasta or rice, and chicken. Dinner consists of soup, pasta, or curry chicken and vegetables, often with a special twist. Coffee and tea are also provided (until high altitude).

Trekking Weather: Many people wear shorts for the first day, then light trousers for the second day. On top of the mountain it is always cold, and the weather is ... view more unpredictable so prepare for wind, rain, hail, or snow. The temperature is approximately 10 degrees Fahrenheit, or -12 Celsius.

Trekking Safety: The guides always carry mobile phones that work at high altitude, and there are radio towers at each campsite. Rescue vehicles are stationed throughout the mountain for transportation to a hospital in nearby Moshi that is capable of handling nearly all emergencies. Emergency helicopter evacuation is also available from Nairobi.

Altitude Sickness: Altitude or mountain sickness occurs to some people ascending rapidly to altitudes above 8000 feet. As the air pressure decreases at higher elevations, less oxygen enters your body. Symptoms may include headache, nausea, and insomnia. To minimize these effects and better your chances of reaching the summit: (1) In Swahili “pole, pole” means “slowly, slowly.” (It’s pronounced po-lay, po-lay.) Take your time, climb slowly to give your body the opportunity to acclimate to the environmental changes.

Trekking Latrines: There are pit latrines at every camp. Camps on the Marangu Route have platform/flush toilets.

Trekking Tipping Protocol: Tips are only given after the completion of your trek. If your guides and porters have not met or exceeded your expectations don't feel obligated to give a tip.

Kilimanjaro reccommended items and dressing
Submitted by M19497
What Clothing do I wear on a Trek:
- Shorts
- Base layer (top/bottom)
- Fleece top
- Shell top with hood (rainproof)
- Shell bottom waterproof
- Fleece pants
- Hat or beanie (to protect neck and ears)
- Gloves-fleece liner type/ over-mitt (zero degree)
- Boots- sturdy, waterproof or goretex, well broken in
- Sub-zero parka or down jacket
- Mountaineering socks/ liners.

What do I bring on a Trek:
- Duffel bag for porter to carry, preferably with backpack shoulder straps, to put your gear into, ... view more waterproof cover
- Sleeping bag with stuff sack (0 degree), sleeping pad (thermarest)
- Gaiters
- Trekking poles
- Glacier or good sunglasses
- Daypack and waterproof cover
- Water bottle, nalgene, platypus, water filters (Note: These should be placed against the body at high altitude to prevent water from freezing.)
- Sunscreen, zinc oxide
- Lip balm
- Headlamp, spare batteries
- Rescue blanket, whistle
- Plastic garbage bags, waterproof
- First aid kit (include moleskin, tape, and wraps)
- Personal toiletries medicines, anti-diarrheal
- Trowel, toilet paper, moist towelettes
- Hand sanitizer
- Iodine tablets
- Comfort food
- Reading material, music, mp-3 player (caution, some do not perform at altitude).

Tanzania safari Tips
Submitted by M19497
Safari Tips:

Clothing: Wear comfortable, lightweight clothing such as cotton or linen. Bring sturdy, comfortable walking shoes, a wide-brimmed hat, and sunglasses. Due to changing weather patterns, layers are good. Bring a sweater, jacket, or light raincoat in case of cold weather. Smart casual clothing and shoes for evening lodge dining. Avoid revealing or tight clothing, as the customs and culture are conservative.

What do I bring: Don’t worry - you don’t have to spend a fortune at an outdoor ... view more outfitter! And if you forget something, there are stores and pharmacies available! These are our recommendations: sunscreen, sunglasses, binoculars, hand sanitizer, day pack, water bottle, insect repellent, shopping bag for souvenirs. Note to contact lens wearers - you may find the dusty conditions on a safari uncomfortable; bring a pair of glasses just in case.

Tipping Protocol: Your drivers will expect a tip following the safari. Plan to give them approximately $5 per day per person, depending upon the quality of service. If you are single, plan to pay at least $10 - $20 per day.

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